Ben Borgers

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How to make textarea auto-resize with Alpine.js

You know those fancy textareas that make themselves shorter or taller depending on how much you type? That’s actually really easy to do with Alpine.

Resizing a textarea to be the height of its text turns out to be quite straightforward: first, set the textarea’s height to almost nothing, then set the textarea’s height to the height of the content that’s not visible.

$el.style.height = '5px'
$el.style.height = $el.scrollHeight + 'px' // e.g. 152 + 'px' = '152px'

With Alpine, $el is a magic variable for the element with the x-data.

We start by setting this as a function on our Alpine component, so we can reuse this function:

<textarea
  x-data="{ resize: () => { $el.style.height = '5px'; $el.style.height = $el.scrollHeight + 'px' } }"
></textarea>

Now, we simply tell Alpine to run this resizing function when the textarea first loads, and whenever someone types in the text box:

<textarea
  x-data="{ resize: () => { $el.style.height = '5px'; $el.style.height = $el.scrollHeight + 'px' } }"
  x-init="resize()"
  @input="resize()"
></textarea>

And that’s it! The textarea will now resize to be the height of the text you type in it. Here’s a CodeSandbox demonstrating the solution.

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Last updated January 24, 2021